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Part Ⅳ CLOZE   [15 MIN.]
 
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your answer sheet.?
 
The normal human daily cycle of activity is of some 7-8 hours’ sleep alternation with some 16-17 hours’ wakefulness and that the sleep normally coincides(26) ____ the hours of darkness. Our present concern is with how easily and to what extent this(27)____ can be modified.?
 
The question is no mere academic one. The ease with which people can change from working in the day to working at night is a(28)____ of growing importance in industry where automation(29)____ round-the-clock working of machines. It normally(30)____ from five days to one week for a person to adapt to a?(31)____? routine of sleep and wakefulness, sleeping during the day and working at night. ?(32)____,? it is often the case in industry that shifts are changed every week. This means that no sooner has he got used to one routine(33)____ he has to change to another, (34)____ much of his time is spent neither working nor sleeping very(35) ____.?
 
One answer would seem to be(36)____ periods on each shift, a month, or even three months. (37)____, recent research has shown that people on such systems will revert to go back to their(38)____ habits of sleep and wakefulness during the week-end and that this is quite enough to destroy any(39)____ to night work built up during the week. The only real solution appears to be to hand over the night shift to those permanent night workers whose(40)____ may persist through all week-ends and holidays.
 
26.A.in     B.with     C.of     D.over??
  (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)
27.A.cycle   B.period   C.circle   D.round???
 
28.A.problem   B.difficulty   C.trouble   D.matter??
 
29.A.asks   B.invites   C.calls for   D.reacts to?
 
30.A.takes   B.spends   C.demands   D.asks?
 
31.A.former   B.returned   C.reversed   D.regular??
 
32.A.Therefore   B.Unfortunately?C.In a word   D.In comparison??
 
33.A.as   B.when   C.then   D.than?
 
34.A.though   B.so that   C.while   D.as?
 
35.A.efficiently   B.good   C.easily   D.happily?
 
36.A.shorter   B.better   C.longer   D.nicer??
 
37.A.So   B.In short   C.Similarly   D.However??
 
38.A.new   B.normal   C.temporary   D.favourite??
 
39.A.change   B.return   C.adaptation   D.tendency???
 
40.A.wakefulness   B.sleep   C.preference   D.habit
 
Part Ⅴ GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY   [15 MIN.]
 
?  There are twenty-five items in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one that best completes the sentence.?
 
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.??
 
41.That trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn’t bothered by his loudness ____ by his lack of talent.?A. so much as      B. rather than     C. as   D. than?
 
42.____, I’ll marry him all the same.?
A. Was he rich or poor   B. Whethere rich or poor?
 
C. Were he rich or poor   D. Be he rich or poor?
 
43.The government has promised to do ____ lies in its power to ease the hardships of the victims in the flood-stricken area.?
 
A. however   B. whichever   C. whatever   D. wherever
 
44.____ if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know beforehand??
 
A. Would you be surprised   B. Were you surprised?
 
C. Had you been surprised   D. Would you have been surprised?
 
45.If not ____ with the respect he feels due to him, Jack gets very ill-tempered and grumbles all the time.?
 
A. being treated   B. treated?
 
C. be treated   D. having been treated?
 
46.It is imperative that students ____ their term papers on time.?
 
A. hand in    B. would hand in ?
 
C. have to hand in   D. handed in?
 
47.The less the surface of the ground yields to the weight of a fully-loaded truck, ____ to the truck.?
 
A. the greater stress is   B. greater is the stress?
 
C. the stress is greater    D. the greater the stress?
 
48.The Minister of Finance is believed ____ of imposing new taxes to raise extra revenue.?
 
A. that he is thinking    B. to be thinking?
 
C. that he is to think   D. to think?
 
49.Issues of price, place, promotion, and product are ____ conventional concerns in planning marketing strategies.?
 
A. these of the most   B. most of those?
 
C. among the most   D. among the many of?
 
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