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动词suggest的用法详解

  动词suggest有如下一些用法: (来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

  一、有“建议”的意思。advise、propose也有此意,请比较它们用法的异同:

  1)都可接名词做宾语

  She suggested/advised/proposed an early start.她建议早一点出发。

  We suggested/advised/proposed a visit to the museum the next day.我们建议明天去参观博物馆。

  2)都可接动名词做宾语

  I suggested/advised/proposed putting off the sports meet.我建议将运动会延期。

  They suggested/advised/proposed waiting until the proper time.他们建议(我们)等到恰当的时机才行动。

  3)都可接that宾语从句,that从句用should+动词原形,should可以省略。

  She suggested/advised/proposed that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday.她建议班会不要在星期六举行。

  We suggested/advised/proposed that he (should) go and make an apology to his teacher.我们建议他去向老师道歉。

  4)advise可接动词不定式复合宾语,propose可接不定式做宾语。

  I advised him to give up the foolish idea.=I suggested/proposed his/him giving up the foolish idea.我建议他放弃那愚蠢的念头。(suggest和propose在口语里可接动名词的复合宾语)。

  We proposed to start early.=We proposed starting early.我们建议早一点出发。(接不定式不用suggest和advise)

  二、 有“提出”的意思。

  如:He suggested a different plan to his boss.他向老板提出了一个不同的计划。

  Xiao Wang suggested a way to solve the problem.小王提出了一个解决这个问题的办法。

  三、 有“暗示、表明”的意思,其主语往往是事物,而不是人。

  1)接名词或动名词做宾语。

  The simple house suggested a modest income.这座简朴的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高。

  Her pale face suggested bad health.她脸色苍白,看来身体不好。

  The thought of summer suggests swimming.一想到夏天,就使人们联想到游泳。

  2)接宾语从句,从句用陈述语气。如:

  The decision suggested that he might bring his family. 这个决定表明他可以把家属带来。

  The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry.他脸上的表情表明他很生气。

  四、 在主语从句It is suggested that…及名词suggestion后面表示具体建议的表语从句、同位语从句都应用should+动词原形,should可以省略。如:

  It was suggested that we (should) give a performance at the party.人们建议我们在晚会上表演节目。

  His suggestion was that the debts (should) be paid off first.他的建议是先把债务还清。

  The doctors made a suggestion that the new hospital (should) not be set up on the hill.医生们建议不要把新医院建在山上。


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