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重点、难点、考点及疑点注释
1.  Where would you like to go on vacation, Sam? (P52)山姆,你想去哪儿度假呀?
(1)go on是不及物动词词组,意为“继续”,其后不能跟名词或代词作宾语。
The teacher asked him to stop talking, but he still went on.
老师叫他别讲,可他还是讲个不停
◎go on后面可以接动词不定式或动词-ing形式,但它们的意义不同。
Let’s go on discussing the question. 咱们继续谈论这个问题吧。
Let’s go on to discuss the question. 咱们接着谈论另外一个问题吧。
短语链语
go on with表示“继续”,后面可直接跟名词或代词作宾语。
Then Miss Gao went back to her desk and went on with the lesson.
然后高老师回到讲桌后边,继续上课。
◎go on with可与go on doing sth 互换。
Go on with your work(=Go on doing your work).继续做你的工作去吧。
特别提示
holiday还可以用来表示“节日”,“纪念日”。
Everyone was in his holiday clothes. 人人都穿上了节日的盛装。
2.  v-ing型形容词和v-ed型形容词
本单元出现了大量v-ing型形容词,那么大家对它的用法熟悉吗?在英语中,某些动词的后面加上-ing或-ed,可以变成形容词。
v-ing型形容词具有主动或进行的含义,是人或物本身所具有的品质。常见的词有:
surprise—surprising 令人惊奇的                 excite—exciting令人兴奋的
bore—boring 令人讨厌的        interest—interesting 有趣的
develop—developing 发展中的        move—moving 感人的
inspire—inspiring 鼓舞人心的
v-ed型形容词具有被动或已完成的含义,是由于受到某种影响而产生的结果。常见的词有:
surprise—surprised感到惊奇的        bore—bored 感到厌恶的 (来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)
excite—excited 感到兴奋的        interest—interested感兴趣的
develop—developed 发达的         move—moved 受感动的
inspire—inspired受到鼓舞的         please—pleased 高兴的
3. For your next vacation, why not consider visiting Paris? (P54)下一次假期为什么不考虑去巴黎呢?
(1)Why not+动词原形相当于Why don’t you+动词原形,表示“为什么不……”,常用来向别人提建议。
Why not study hard? 为什么不努力学习?
Why don’t you ask the policeman for help? 怎么不向那个警察寻求帮助呢?
(2)consider 表示“考虑,细想”,相当于think about,后面接动词时,应用动词的-ing形式。
I first considered writing to him, but then decided to see him.
我开始想写信给他,但后来决定去见他。
4.  Paris is the capital of France, and is one of the liveliest cities in Europe. (P54)巴黎是法国的首都,是欧洲最活跃的城市之一。
lively是形容词,意为“活泼的,活跃的,有生气的”,在句中作定语或表语,用来修饰人或物。
She is a lively girl. 她是个活泼的女孩。
The sports ground is lively with all sorts of ball games.
运动场上要进行各种球类比赛,呈现出一派生气勃勃的景象。
特别提示
◎alive作形容词,意为“活着的,在世的”,常作表语,但有时也作后置定语或补语。
He must be alive, for he is still breathing slightly.
他一定还活着,因为他还在轻微呼吸。
He is the only person alive in the accident. 他是这次事故中惟一活下来的人。
An enemy officer was caught alive. 一名敌人军官被活捉了。
◎living是形容词,意为“活着的”,常位于名词之前或之后作定语;作表语时与alive意思相同。
We now know there are no living things on the moon.
我们现在知道月球上没有生物。
Is his grandfather still living/alive? 他的祖父还活着吗?
◎live读作/laiv/时,也作形容词,意为“活着的”,常放在名词之前作定语,它一般不用来修饰人;live读/liv/时,是动词,意为“生活,生存”。
The cat was playing with a live mouse. 这只猫在玩弄一只活老鼠。
Pandas usually live in the south and the southeast of China.
熊猫通常生活在中国的南部和东南部。
5.  It doesn’t have any beaches or mountains, but there are still many things to do there. (P54)它没有沙滩和山脉,但是在那儿仍然有很多的事情可做。
在本句中连词or连接两个被否定的并列成分。
The world’s favorite food isn’t English, Italian, Indian or Japanese, but it’s American fast food. 世界上最受欢迎的食品不是英国食品、意大利食品、印度食品和日本食品,而是美国快餐。
魔力纠错
他没有弟弟, 也没有妹妹。
误:He has no brothers and sisters.
正:He has no brothers or sisters.
魔力解析
在否定句,or是“也不”的意思,而and表示的却是肯定的意义。因此,上句还可以写为He has no brothers and no sisters。
知识拓展
连词or在“祈使句+or+简单句”句型中, 表示“否则,不然”,引出一个相反的结果,本句型可以转换为含否定的if从句。
Get up early, or you’ll be late for school.
→If you don’t get up early, you’ll be late for school.早点起,否则你就会迟到。
短语链语
◎either...or表示“不是……,就是……”;“或者……,或者……”。

 
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