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重点、难点、考点及疑点注释
1.  I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. (P18)我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔。
(1)当主句的主语是第一人称I或we,谓语动词是think, believe, suppose, guess等词时,其后的从句不能是含有not的否定句;若要否定,须将not提到主句。在翻译时,按汉语习惯译作否定从句。例如:“我想他不会给你打电话的”应译为I don’t think he will give you a call而不是I think he won’t give you a call。
特别提示
若把此类句式变成反意疑问句,其助动词及主语要根据从句确定,而肯定/否定则要根据主句来确定。
We think you can help him, can’t you? 我们认为你能帮助他,不是吗?
I don’t think he is a good student, is he? 我认为他不是个好学生,对吗?
(2)本句中的twelve-year-olds相当于twelve-year-old teenagers,意为“12岁的孩子/年轻人”。
知识拓展
数词和一个相应的名词单数用“-”连接起来,可以构成一个合成形容词。常见的还有:
two-month holiday 两个月的假期
a sixty-pound stone 一块60磅的石头
(3)get their ears pierced属于“get+名词/代词+动词的过去分词”结构,表示“使……被做”,“请人做……”。
Go and get your hair cut! 你去理理发吧。
Why haven’t you got the work done yet? 你为什么还不叫人把活干了呢?
2.  I disagree. (P19)我不同意。
I agree. (P19)我同意。
(1)agree意为“赞成,同意”,用来表示同意某人的意见、观点等;可以单独使用,也可以接由with, to, on等引导的介词短语或接从句。
—Shall we go to the zoo tomorrow? 我们明天去动物园,好吗?
—I agree. 我同意。
I quite agree with you. 我完全赞成你的意见。
Do you agree on this plan? 你同意这个计划吗?
知识拓展
agree with, agree to和agree on都表示“同意”,但用法不同。
◎agree with表示“同意”,后面接表示人的名词或代词,也可以接表示“意见,看法”的名词。 (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)
We all agree with him. 我们都同意他的意见。
Do you agree with my ideas? 你同意我的观点吗?
◎agree to表示“同意”,后面接表示“计划,建议,安排”等的名词,接动词原形时构成动词不定式结构。
He agreed to our plan at last. 最后他同意了我们的计划。
They agreed to come on Monday. 他们同意星期一来。
◎agree on表示“(两人以上)就……取得一致意见,在……方面意见一致”,其主语多为复数形式,宾语是表示事、计划等的名词,而不是表示人的名词或代词,它可以与agree in doing sth替换。
They agreed on the plan.
=They agreed in doing the plan. 他们对这个计划意见一致。
特别提示
agree with也可以表示“某人适应(食物、气候等)”。
The weather doesn’t agree with me. 我不适应这种天气。
(2)disagree是agree的反义词,相当于not agree。
3.  They talk instead of doing homework. (P19)他们会说话而不做作业。
本句中的instead of是复合介词,意思是“代替”,后面往往接名词、代词、动名词或介词短语, of后面的内容是被否定的。
I want that book instead of this one. 我要那本书而不是这本。
We went to swim instead of playing basketball.
我们没有去打篮球,而是去游泳了。
特别提示
副词instead和instead of意思相同,但用法却不同。instead意为“代替,顶替”,常位于句首或句末,可不译。
I didn’t go to cinema. Instead, I went to go shopping.
我没有去看电影,我去购物了。
The water here is not good, so I drink coffee instead.
这里的水不好,所以我改喝咖啡。
4.  Find someone who is allowed to stay up until 11∶00 pm. (P20) 找出被允许熬夜到11点的人。
(1)who is allowed to stay up until 11∶00 pm是一个定语从句,用来修饰前面的someone。
The man who is smoking is my father. 正在抽烟的那个人是我的父亲。
The foreigner who visited our class is from Canada.
访问我们班的那个外国人来自加拿大。
(2)stay up在这里是“熬夜”,“不睡觉”的意思,相当于not go to bed。
He stayed up too late last night. 他昨天晚上熬夜到很晚。
She promised the children they could stay up for homework.
她承诺孩子们可以熬夜做作业。
5.  Do you ever worry that you’ll fail a test? (P21)你曾经担心过考试不及格吗?
fail表示考试“不及格”或“不通过”,相当于not pass。
I think I may fail in the English exam this time.我想这次英语考试我可能不及格。
6.  Parents should not be too strict with teenagers. (P21)父母对青少年不应该要求太严格。
形容词strict是“严格的”,“严厉的”的意思,对人严格时用介词with,对工作等严格时用介词in。
The teacher was very strict with his students. 这位老师对学生非常严厉。
He is always strict in his work. 他总是对工作要求很严格。
7.  The other day, my friends and I talked about the rules that we have in school. (P22)那天,我和我的朋友们谈论我们学校的各种规章制度。
(1)the other day表示“几天以前,不久前的一天”。
I saw him in the street the other day. 不久前的一天,我在街上看到了他。
Li Ming and I went shopping the other day. 几天以前我和李明去购物了。
(3)本句中的get to意为“开始,着手”,后面接动词的-ing形式,表示“着手或开始做某事”。
 
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