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注:The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion.

35. The novel Emma is written by
A. Mary Shelley.
B. Charlotte Bront?.
C. Elizabeth C. Gaskell.
D. Jane Austen. √

36. Which of following is NOT a romantic poet?
A. William Wordsworth.
B. George Elliot. √
C. George G. Byron.
D. Percy B. Shelley.

37. William Sidney Porter, known as O. Henry, is most famous for
A. his poems.
B. his plays.
C. his short stories. √
D. his novels

注:O. Henry was the pen name of William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862 - June 5, 1910), He was famous for his short stories and a master of the surprise ending, O. Henry is remembered best for such enduring favorites as "The Gift of the Magi" and "The Ransom of Red Chief." The combination of humor and sentiment found in his stories is the basis of their universal appeal.

38. Syntax is the study of
A. language functions.
B. sentence structures. √
C. textual organization.
D. word formation.

注:Definition of Syntax:

a. The study of the rules whereby words or other elements of sentence structure are combined to form grammatical sentences.
b. A publication, such as a book, that presents such rules.
c. The pattern of formation of sentences or phrases in a language.
d. Such a pattern in a particular sentence or discourse.

39. Which of the following is NOT a distinctive feature of human language?
A. Arbitrariness. 任意性
B. Productivity. 丰富性
C. Cultural transmission. 文化传播性
D. Finiteness. 局限性 ?

注:design feature: features that define our human languages,such as arbitrariness,duality,creativity,displacement,cultural transmission,etc. (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

相关内容请点击查看:胡壮麟《语言学教程》课后答案

40. The speech act theory was first put forward by
A. John Searle.
B. John Austin. √
C. Noam Chomsky.
D. M.A.K. Halliday.

注:John Langshaw Austin (March 28, 1911 - February 8, 1960) was a philosopher of language, who developed much of the current theory of speech acts. He was born in Lancaster and educated at Balliol College, Oxford. After serving in MI6 during World War II, Austin became White's Professor of Moral Philosophy at Oxford. He occupies a place in the British philosophy of language alongside Wittgenstein in staunchly advocating the examination of the way words are used in order to elucidate meaning.

PART V TRANSLATION (60 MIN)

提示:今年专八翻译部分的选材均出自《散文佳作108篇(汉英·英汉对照)》
作  者: 乔萍 翟淑蓉 宋洪玮,建议大家熟读此书。点击查看该书简介及文章目录

SECTION A CHINESE TO ENGLISH

Translate the following text into English. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

提示:本文节选自文章《生命的三分之一》作者:马南邨 该文原始出处为《燕山夜话》(北京出版社1980年版)。

初中语文自读课本七年级上册第8课 《短文两篇》中也有此文。


一个人的生命究竟有多大意义,这有什么标准可以衡量吗?提出一个绝对的标准当然很困难;但是,大体上看一个人对待生命的态度是否严肃认真,看他对待劳动、工作等等的态度如何,也就不难对这个人的存在意义做出适当的估计了。

古来一切有成就的人,都很严肃地对待自己的生命,当他活着一天,总要尽量多劳动、多工作、多学习,不肯虚度年华,不让时间白白地浪费掉。我国历代的劳动人民及大政治家、大思想家等等都莫不如此。

部分译文:Accomplished men of all ages treat their lives very seriously. As long as they are living, they always labor, work, and study as hard as possible, unwilling to spend time in vain, let alone waste even a single moment of their lives.

SECTION B ENGLISH TO CHINESE

Translate the following underlined part of the text into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET THREE.

提示:本文原文标题About Reading Books 作者:Virginia Woolf
 
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