神秘内容 Loading...
Chapter 1: The Simple Sentence

This first chapter of your textbook starts with the building blocks of writing: words and simple sentences. A simple sentence includes a subject and a verb and an idea that makes the foundation for all the other types of sentences we write. It is crucial for you to understand what a verb is and what a verb is not. It is equally important for you to be able to accurately identify the subject of a sentence. Once you know how to accurately identify the verb and the subject, you can create all types of sentences that will make your writing even better. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

The easiest point to start with is the verb. Verbs can be either action words or being words. Verbs often need helpers so this chapter includes a list of helping verbs. In addition, verbs often appear in other forms like -ing. These forms are not main verbs and this chapter explains how to identify these verbs.

Once you have located the verb(s) in a sentence, the next step is to find the subject. Finding the subject is as easy as asking the question "Who or what is doing that action?" Just as verbs have a few exceptions so do subjects. In this chapter you will learn about prepositional phrases and their role in a sentence. Chapter 1 also looks at complex word order and how to identify the subjects and verbs in a sentence when the word order is a little unusual.

Once you have mastered the basic building blocks of a sentence you will be ready to start writing sentences in various ways that will make your writing interesting.

Chapter 2: Beyond the Simple Sentence

This chapter is about how to move past using simple basic sentences into
using compound sentences. When sentences are combined they give a
natural flow and rhythm to your writing that using all short sentences
doesn't create.

Compound sentences are created through coordination. Coordination is
taking two or more independent clauses and putting them into the same
sentence using either a conjunction or a semicolon or both.

Chapter 3: Avoiding Run On Sentences and Comma Splices

As your book tells you, if you put two independent clauses together without
proper punctuation, you have made an error called a run-on sentence. Another
name for this error is a fused sentence. Chapter Three explains techniques for
figuring out if you have made this error in your writing, and if you have, how
to fix it. Chapter Three will review much of what you learned in Chapter Two
about coordination. Run-ons are generally created when you attempt to coordinate
sentences and don't use the correct punctuation. In addition to run-ons, you
will review how to correct comma splices. Comma splices are created when you
attempt to join two complete sentences with just a comma and no coordinating
conjunction.

Chapter 4: Beyond the Simple Sentence: Subordination

So far you have studied how to put two sentences together by coordinating
them, that is keeping them equal. Chapter Four explores subordination which is
putting sentences together by turning one of them into a dependent clause. A
dependent clause is still a clause; it has a subject and a verb, but does NOT
make sense by itself. A dependent clause depends on another independent clause
in order to make sense.

Dependent clauses are created by using subordinating conjunctions to join
the two sentences. The subordinating conjunction can be added at either the
beginning of the first sentence or between the two sentences you are joining.
This sentence pattern of one independent clause and one or more dependent
clauses is called a complex sentence. Punctuating complex sentences is fairly
simple. If the dependent clause begins the sentence then a comma is used at
the end of the dependent clause. If the independent clause begins the
sentence, then no comma is necessary. Using subordination and coordination
helps your writing by giving it variety and interest in the sentence
structures.

The most important element to making coordinated sentences is to be
certain that you are joining two independent clauses instead of clauses
and phrases. In addition to studying the conjunctions, you will also
study the punctuation patterns for compound sentences. This chapter will

 
神秘内容 Loading...

你可能对下面的文章也感兴趣:

·英语写作中的修辞讲解
·The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr.
·谈谈英语写作的基本方法
·英文写作中注意避免只有其意,不见其形
·英语作文的书写格式·标点符号
·英语作文的书写格式·行款格式
·英文书写和移行
·如何才能写出好句子?
·正式的信末称呼-how to sign off a formal letter
·指南:八条英文写作守则

共9页: 上一页 1 [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] 下一页
上一篇:AGING AND PRODUCTIVITY AMONG ECONOMISTS  
下一篇:有声英语名著 chapter14
[推荐] [返回顶部] [打印本页] [关闭窗口]