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(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

 How many times have you thought, "This job is going to kill me"? The truth is, you may have been right. For better or worse, a person's job plays a critical role in his or her mental and physical health. The good news is that there are some things about work that are good for you, too。

  你多少次想过,“这个工作会要了我的命吗?” 事实是,你可能是正确的。无论是好还是坏,一个人的工作在他或她的心理和身体健康起着至关重要的作用。好消息是,还有一些关于工作的事情对你有好处。

  From increased risks of heart disease to longer life spans, the numerous drawbacks or benefits to health that come with working have been revealed by various studies across the globe。

  从心脏疾病的风险增加到寿命更长,全球各地的各项研究揭示了工作对健康的许多缺点或好处。

  Here are eight ways your job, including your decision to hold onto it or leave it, affect your health:

  这里有八种工作方式,包括你要坚持或去职的决定,都会影响你的健康:

  1、提前退休

  Many men yearn for a retirement filled with travel, golf and relaxation, but they might want to think twice before ending their career for good。

  许多人都向往退休后充分享受旅游、高尔夫球场和休闲的乐趣,但在结束自己的职业生涯前最好还是三思而后行。

  A study by Austrian researchers revealed that men who retire early have an increased risk of dying before age 67. According to the research, this can be attributed to the negative health habits adopted by retirees, including smoking, drinking, unhealthy eating and infrequent exercise。

  奥地利研究人员进行的研究发现,提早退休的人在67岁前死亡的风险增加。根据该项研究,这种风险的原因可能是退休人员染上的不良健康习惯,包括吸烟、酗酒、不健康饮食和缺乏运动。

  2、困在你讨厌的工作里

  Plugging along in a hated job can damage more than an employee's mental health.Research published in the Human Relations journal found that employees who stayed at organizations out of either obligation or a perceived lack of other job options were more likely than other employees to experience physical health problems, including symptoms of exhaustion, stress and burnout。

  被讨厌的工作困住,可能不仅仅会有害于雇员的精神健康。在《人类关系》杂志发表的研究发现,出于义务或明显缺乏其他工作选择而留在机构中的员工,比其他员工更可能会遭遇身体健康问题,包括疲惫、压力和倦怠等症状。

  3、加班工作

  An old saying maintains a little hard work never killed anyone, but research shows that might not be true。

  一句老话认为多干点活累不死人,但研究表明这可能不正确。

  A European study found working overtime can be bad for an employee's heart. Those who worked at least 10 hours a day had a 60 percent higher risk of heart-related problems, such as death due to heart disease or a nonfatal heart attack, than those who didn't work overtime。

  欧洲的一项研究发现,超时工作可能对雇员的心脏不好。那些每天工作至少10小时的员工比那些不加班的员工有心脏问题的风险高出60%,如因心脏疾病和非致命性心脏病发作而导致的死亡。

  4、上下班通勤

  The act of simply getting to work can take its toll on employees' health。

  上班这种简单的工作行为可能对员工的健康造成危害。

  A study published in the BMC Public Health journal reveals that workers who get to work by train, car or bus have more adverse health effects than workers who ride their bikes or walk. The research shows commuters suffered more incidences of negative perceived general health, which resulted in an increased number of absences from work。

  在生物医学中心(BMC)《公共卫生》杂志发表的一项研究表明,乘火车、汽车或公共汽车去上班的工人比那些骑自行车或步行上班的工人更容易出现不良健康问题。研究表明,通勤员工出现负健康的发生率更高,从而导致缺勤人数的增加。

  5、长期失业

  Just having a job can be good for a person's emotional well-being。

  只要有工作就可能对一个人的情绪健康有好处。

  Research presented during a congressional briefing on the psychological benefits of employment and the impact of joblessness revealed long-term unemployment can trigger mental health issues。

  在国会简报中提出的关于就业心理优势和失业影响的研究发现,长期失业会诱发心理健康问题。

  The study shows those who were unemployed for more than 25 weeks in the past year were more likely than their employed counterparts to experience mental health issues for the first time。

  研究表明,那些在过去一年失业超过25周的人比在业的同类人更可能遇到第一次心理健康问题。

  6、午睡

  Keeping employees from taking a regular afternoon nap, as most jobs do, could cause heart problems. A study published in the journal Archives of Internal Medicine found that half-hour siestas boost heart health and help prevent deadly cardiovascular disease。

  不让员工定时午休,大多数工作都是如此,可能会导致心脏问题。《内科医学档案》杂志公布的一项研究发现,半小时的午休可提高心脏健康,并有助于预防致命的心血管疾病。

 
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