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Misquotations (引用错误)集锦 (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

Simeon Strunsky 说著名的言论很少被正确的引用,这篇文章介绍了很多被错误引用的名言,它们在不断的重复使用后,反而取得了“合法的”地位。
本站EnglishCN.com推荐阅读此文,你可以了解到一些名言原本是很平常的语言,也可以乘机得到一句话的另一种表达方法。

"Famous remarks are very seldom quoted correctly."
by Simeon Strunsky


Like improper word conversions, many malapropisms, spoonerisms, and misquotations have acquired legitimacy through repetition; but their proper use by the knowledgeable writer is as idiom or irony. An incomplete or inaccurate quotation often changes meaning when rectified or placed in context. Specimen misquotes include:

名人名言错误引用举例:


`A picture is worth a thousand words.'
"One showing is worth a thousand tellings." ["I like your motto: 'One picture is worth a thousand denials.'" by Ronald Wilson Reagan (18 May 1983)]

 

`The unexamined life is not worth living.'
"... the unexamined life is not livable for a human being ...." [Socrates in sct 38 of Apology by Plato]

 

`We are the movers and shapers of the world.'
"Yet we are the movers and shakers / Of the world for ever, it seems." [Arthur O'Shaughnessy]

 

`dot and tittle' [mark and mark – redundant]
"jot and tittle" [least and mark]

 

`Man proposes but God disposes.'
"Man devises but God directs." [A man's heart deviseth his way: but the Lord directeth his steps. Proverbs 16:9]

 

`The world is a stage, and we're just actors playing parts.'
"A noble farce, wherein kinds, republics, and emperors have for so many ages played their parts, and to which the whole vast universe serves for a theatre." by Michel Eyquem, Seigneur de Montaigne (1580); "All the world 's a stage, / And all the men and women merely players. / They have their exits and their entrances; / And one man in his time plays many parts," by William Shakespeare (1600); "The world 's a theatre, the earth a stage, / Which God and Nature do with actors fill." by Thomas Heywood (1612)

 

"Little strokes / Fell great oaks." [Benjamin Franklin Poor Richard's Almanack (Aug 1750)]
"Many strokes overthrow the tallest oaks." [proverbial; and "Many strokes, though with a little axe, / Hew down and fell the hardest timber'd oak." William Shakespeare]

 

`Asses are ye that sit in judgement.' [Samuel Johnson]
"Speak, ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way." [Judges 5:10 Bible]

 

`Saying and doing are two different things.'
"Saying and doing are two things." [Mathew Henry]

 

`He who runs may read'
"He may run that readeth it" [Habakkuk 2:2]

 

`As the twig is bent, so grows the tree.'
"Just as the twig is bent, the tree's inclined." [Alexander Pope]

 

`You can never go home again.'
"You can't go home again."

 

`gild the lily'
"To gild refined gold, to paint the lily, ... Is wasteful and ridiculous excess."

 

`Money is the root of all evil.'
"The love of money is the root of all evil."; "The want of money is the root of all evil."

 

"Virtue is its own reward." [Matthew Prior]
"Virtue herself is her own fairest reward." [Silius Italicus]; "Virtue was sufficient of herself for happiness." [Diogenes Laertius]; "Virtue is to herself the best reward." [Henry More]; "Virtue is her own reward." [John Dryden]; "Doubt not but angling will prove to be so pleasant that it will prove to be, like virtue, a reward to itself." [Izaak Walton]

 

`Pride goeth before a fall.'
"Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall."; "Pride will have a fall for pride goeth before and shame cometh after."

 

`To be forewarned is to be forearmed.'
"Forewarned, forearmed." [Latin military proverb: "Praemonitus, praemunitus."; later used by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra in Don Quixote (1604-15) and Benjamin Franklin (Richard Saunders) in Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757)]

 

`If God is dead, then everything is possible for mankind.'
"If God is dead, then all is permitted." [simultaneously and independently by Fyodor M. Dostoevsky and Friedrich W. Nietzsche]

 

`The good Lord helps those who help themselves.'
"Help thyself, and God will help thee." [George Herbert]; "God helps those who help themselves." [Algernon Sidney]; "God helps them that help themselves." [Benjamin Franklin]

 

`The road to Hell is paved with good intentions.'
"Do not be troubled by Saint Bernard's saying that hell is full of good intentions and wills." [Francis de Sales]; "Hell is full of good meanings and wishings." [George Herbert]; "Hell is paved with good intentions." [Samuel Johnson]; "Hell is paved with good intentions, not with bad ones. All men mean well." [George Bernard Shaw]; "Hell isn't merely paved with good intentions; it's walled and roofed with them. Yes, and furnished too." [Aldous Huxley]; "'Tis the motive exalts the action; / 'Tis the doing, and not the deed." [Margaret Junkin Preston]

 

`Whom the gods would destroy, first they praise.'; `Whom the gods would bring low, first they elevate.'
"Those whom God wishes to destroy, He first makes mad." [Euripides]; "Whom God would destroy He first sends mad." [James Duport]; "For those whom God to ruin has designed, He fits for fate, and first destroys their mind." [John Dryden]; "Whom the mad would destroy, they first make gods." [Bernard Levin]; "Whom the gods wish to destroy they first call promising." [Cyril Connolly]

 
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