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1、 常用与开头的短语、句式

(1) with the (rapidly)growing popularity of (computers/private cars) in China,the quality of our lives has been considerably changed。 (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

(2) With the (rapid)growth of (our economy/population),many problems such as (water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management)are beginng to surface

(3) With the development of (science and technology/market economy),more and more/an increasing number of people come to realize that …

(4) Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal publication/drug abuse/negative influence of western cultures).

(5) Nowadays ,a heated debated/discussion about…is under way in China .some people believe that …,whereas others argue that…

(6) There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers).To begin with,…Next,…Last,…There are,on the oher hand,many reasons against it,First,…Second,…Finally,…

(7) There are many advantanges and disadvantages in(owning a car).

(8) There are various /at least three ways/possible techniques/problems/methods to do something

(9) Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for toe reasons.The first reason is that …The second reason is that …/On the one hand ,… On the other hand,…

(10) The possible solutions of (the enery crisis/water shortanges/these social problems)depend on three factors…

(11) The tow major reasons responsible for(the rapid economic growth /the widespread of fake products )are…

2.常用于结尾的短语、句式

(1) It is hoped that we should place much emphasis on/pay more attention to 。。。

(2) To conclude,we can see that (the best way/the possible solution)is。。。

(3) In short,(shortages of water,decrease of fertile fields and environmental pollution)are the major problems to be solved to(increase rain production)。

(4) In order to make our world a better palce in which to live we should make great efforts to。。。

(5) In a word ,there are three suggestions we must follow ,only in this way can we(achieve a great success)。

(6) It is time for us to take an actie part in。。。

(7) Let us work hand in hand in hand to(solve these social problems)

3.陈述或论证观点、看法(view,point,opinion)、原因(reason、cause)、方法、手段、措施、步骤。。。。。。(method,means,measures,step。。。)、因素(factor)、利弊、优缺点(advantage,disadvantage)时常用的词语、句式:

(1)引述段落提出问题时常用的句式、词语:

。。。。的原因有许多。There are many reasons why。。。

。。。。的原因如下;The reasons why 。。。are as follows

我的看法是。。。。My opinon is that

(2)展开段落论证时常用的句式、词语:

①、第一层次(首先)First,Firstly,In the first place,First of all ,To begin with,For one thing。

我的第一理由是。。。My first reason is that。。。

主要因素是。。。。The main factor is that 。。。

②第二层次(其次)Second ,Secondly,In the Second plce,Next,Then,For another,

另一种方法是。。。Another means of 。。。is to do。。

第二种解决方法是。。。the second solution is that。。。

③第三层次(第三点)Third,athirdly,besides,in adition,furthermore,what is more important

(3)总结性段落常用句式、词语:

最后一点 last,lastly,finally,in the last place ,last of all,in short,in brief

简言之 in a word ,in summary,tosum up

总之, in conclusion,on the whole,altogether,in all

因此, so,thus,hence,therefor。Consequently,for thee reasons

结果, in consequence,as a result

由此可见。。。 it will be seen from it that

如上所述,我们可以得出结论。。。as has been said above,we can conclude/make a conclusion/draw a conclusion/reach a conclusion come to aconclusion that。。。

(4)将事物的正反、好坏两方面,或者将两种不同事物进行比较,对比时常用的句式、短语:

然而 while ,whereas,but,however,nevertheless

尽管如此 in spite of that,despite all this

但在另一方面 but on the other hand

与。。。相比 in/by in comparison with。。。/as compare with。。。

对比之下 by/in contrast

与。。。相反 as opposed to。。。/instead of。。。

相反 on the contrary,instead

他们的区别如下 The differences sre as follows;the differences can be described as follows

A与B之间的不同在于。。。。the differences between A and B is /lies in/exests in/consists in。。。;A is different from B in。。。

 
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